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Algeo, Sara M. The  Story of a Sub-Pioneer.  Sarah M. Algeo, 1925

American Homemaker League, Annual Report 1914-1915, MSS 33, Series I, Subseries B: Annual Reports, Box 1, Folder 5, Rhode Island Historical Society

Anthony, Susan B. and Ida Husted Harper, eds. The History of Woman Suffrage, 1883-1900. Vol. 4. Rochester, N.Y.: Susan B. Anthony, 1902

Arnold, Welcome, Greene et al., The Providence Plantations for Two Hundred and Fifty Years, Providence: J.A. & R.A. Reid, 1886

Associated Press, “Suffrage Leaders Plan to Clinch Victory in Tennessee Legislature,” in the Providence Journal, August 21, 1920, p.1-2 

Buhle, Paul M., “Working lives:An Oral History of Rhode Island Labor” in Rhode Island History vols. 45-46, 1986-1988.

Ceniza, Sherry. Walt Whitman and Nineteenth Century Women Reformers. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1998

Davis, Paulina Wright, biography,, accessed June 14, 2019

Davis, Paulina W., comp.  A History of the National Woman’s Rights Movement, for Twenty Years, with the Proceedings of the Decade meeting held at Apollo Hall, October 20, 1870, From 1850 to 1870. With an appendix containing the history of the movement during the Winter of 1871, in the National Capitol. New York: Journeymen Printers’ Co-operative Association, 1871.

Food Conservation Committee, News Bulletin No. 2, June 24, 1917. (TX1 .H6 P9). Rhode Island Historical Society.

Girls’ City Club of Providence. Club History, undated, MSS 438, Box 1, Rhode Island Historical Society

Harper, Ida Husted, ed., The History of Woman Suffrage 1900-1920. Vol. 5.  National American Woman Suffrage Association, 1922.

Harper, Ida Husted, ed., The History of Woman Suffrage 1900-1920. Vol. 6. National American Woman Suffrage Association, 1922.

Hartman Strom, Sharon, “Old Barriers and New Opportunities: Working Women in Rhode Island, 1900-1940,” Rhode Island History 39 no. 2, 1980

A History of the Club Movement Among the Colored Women of the United States of America as Contained in the Minutes of the Convention held in Boston, July 29, 30, 31, 1895, and of the National Federation of Afro-American Women held in Washington, D.C. July 20, 21, 22, 1896. Published 1902.

Korr, Mary. “Martha H. Mowry, MD: Pioneer in Medicine, Suffrage Movement.” Rhode Island Medical Journal, Feb. 2020.

LaSalle Daoust, Norma “Building the Democratic Party: Black Voting in Providence in the 1930s,” Rhode Island History 44 no. 3, 1985

Liberman, Ellen. “Bertha Higgins: Marshalling the Black Vote.” Providence Journal, March 6, 1997: H-06

Miller, Elisa. “Biography of Bertha Higgins 1872-1944,”|bibliographic_details|3957500, accessed June 15, 2019.

National Park Service. “Between TwoWorlds: Black Women and the Fight for Voting Rights,”, accessed January 30, 2020.

O’Neill, William L., “The Fight for Suffrage,” The Wilson Quarterly10, no. 4, 1986: 99

Providence Evening News, “Struggle for Woman Suffrage Dates Back to Revolutionary Days,” Providence Evening News, August 18, 1920, p.1-2.

Ibid. “Women Win the Vote From Tennessee and Suffrage Comes In All the Union”,  Providence Evening News, August 18, 1920, p.1 

Providence Housewives League. Report of the President of the Providence Housewives League. Providence Housewives League Year Book, 1916-1917. Rhode Island Historical Society.

Providence Journal, “Case Says Gerry is Ally of South,” Providence Journal, October 28, 1930, pg. 2

Ibid. “Colored Players in Suffrage Minstrels,” Providence Journal, May 14, 1916: section 4, pg. 10

Ibid. “Newport County Women Celebrate Ratification,” Providence Journal, August 20, 1920, p.2 

Ibid. “Ratificaton Raises Voting Questions,” Providence Journal, August 20, 1920, p.4 

Ibid. “Suffrage Defeated in North Carolina” Providence Journal, August 18, 1920, p.2 

Ibid. “Suffrage Victory Pleases Pioneer,” Providence Journal, August 20, 1920, p.1

Ibid. “To Hear Campaigners,” Providence Journal, November 2, 1922, pg. 11

Ibid.  “The Equal Pay for Equal Work Crusade,” Providence Journal, November 12, 1911 p. 45

Ibid. “Two Women Seek Notary Public Commissions Here,”Providence Journal, August 20, 1920, p.9 

Ibid. “Woman Suffrage Wins, ”Providence Journal, August 19, 1920, p.10 

Ibid. “Women Suffrage Workers Hold Informal Reception,” Providence Journal, August 21, 1920, p.3 

Providence Physiological Society Records, MSS 649. Rhode Island Historical Society.

Pawtuxet Valley Daily Times, “North Carolina Votes to Postpone Ratification,” Pawtuxet Valley Times, Agusut 18, 1920, p.1 

Ibid. “Woman Suffrage is Ratified by Tennessee,” Pawtuxet Valley Daily Times, August 19, 1920, p.1 

Rhode Island Historical Society. Records of the League of Women Voters of Rhode Island.  Mss. 21.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, Susan B. Anthony and Matilda Joslyn Gage, History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. 3. Rochester, N.Y.: Charles Mann, 1887.

Stevens, Elizabeth C.,  Elizabeth Buffum Chace and Lillie Chace Wyman, A Century of Abolitionist, Suffragist and Workers’ Rights Activism. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company Inc., 2003

Stevens, Elizabeth C., “‘Was She Clothed with the Rents Paid for These Wretched Rooms?’: Elizabeth Buffum Chace, Lillie Chace Wyman, and Upper-Class Advocacy for Women Factory Operatives in Gilded Age Rhode Island,” Rhode Island History 52, no. 4, 1994

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn. African American Women in the Struggle for the Vote, 1850-1920.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998

Thoreau Society, Inc., The Thoreau Society Bulletin., No. 208, Summer 1994

Tyler, Alice Felt. “Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis.” Appleton’s Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Volume 2 edited by James Grant Wilson & John Fiske; pub. by New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1887

The Una. (1853-1855). Collection of the Rhode Island Historical Society

Woonsocket Call. “Effects of Nineteenth Amendment” [sic], Woonsocket Call, August 19, 1920, p.1 

Wyman, Lillie Buffum Chace and Arthur Crawford Wyman. Elizabeth Buffum Chace Her Life and Its Environment. 2 vols.  Boston: W.B. Clarke Co., 1915

Youngken, Richard C. African-Americans in Newport: An Introduction to the Heritage of African-Americans in Newport, Rhode Island 1700-1945. R.I. Preservation and Heritage Commission and R.I. Black Heritage Society, 1995

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